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Political party strength in U.S. states

Registered Democrats, Republicans and independents in the United States as of January 2004.

Registered Democrats, Republicans and independents in the United States as of January 2004.[1]
The following table shows all the U.S. states and to what party (Democratic or Republican) their state governors belong. Also indicated is the majority party of the state legislatures' upper and lower houses as well as U.S. Senate representation. Nebraska's legislature is unicameral, i.e., it has only one legislative house and is officially non-partisan, though party affiliation still has an unofficial influence on the legislative process.

Throughout most of the 20th century, although the Republican party often held power at a national level, the Democratic party held almost uncontested power at the state level, especially in the solid South, where the Republican Party was virtually nonexistent. (For much of the 20th century, North Dakota was a one-party Republican state, the only one in the country.)

However, in the 1970s and 1980s, the Republicans slowly increased their strength in the state legislatures, especially in the South, where the increasingly conservative Republican party took the place of the Democrats, who had been weakened by their party's support for the Civil Rights Movement starting in the 1940s. In the 1990s, the Republicans finally overtook the Democrats in holding majorities in statehouses and governorships.

Currently, majority control of overall seats in the state legislature has been changing every few years. As of the U.S. gubernatorial elections of 2006, the Democratic party holds an outright majority of 669 with 3,989 seats over the Republican party's 3,320 in number of seats elected on a partisan ballot. Of the 7,382 seats in all of the state legislatures combined, independents and third parties account for only 17 members, not counting the 49 members of the Nebraska Legislature, which is the only legislature in the nation to hold non-partisan elections to determine its members.

Contents


Current party strength

State 2008 Presidential Election Governor Upper House Majority Lower House Majority Senior U.S. Senator Junior U.S. Senator U.S. House Delegation
Alabama Republican Republican Democratic 21-14 Democratic 59-44-2(c)[2][3] Republican Republican Republican 4-3
Alaska Republican Republican Coalition(e) 16-4 Republican 22-18 Republican Democratic Republican 1-0
Arizona Republican Republican Republican 18-12 Republican 35-25 Republican Republican Democratic 5-3
Arkansas Republican Democratic Democratic 27-7-1(c)[4] Democratic 72-28 Democratic Democratic Democratic 3-1
California Democratic Republican Democratic 26-14 Democratic 50-28-1-1(c)[5] Democratic Democratic Democratic 33-19-1(c)
Colorado Democratic Democratic Democratic 21-14 Democratic 38-27 Democratic Democratic Democratic 5-2
Connecticut Democratic Republican Democratic 24-12 Democratic 114-37 Democratic Independent(a) Democratic 5-0
Delaware Democratic Democratic Democratic 15-6 Democratic 24-17 Democratic Democratic Republican 1-0
Florida Democratic Republican Republican 26-14 Republican 76-44 Democratic Republican Republican 15-10
Georgia Republican Republican Republican 33-21-2(c)[6][7] Republican 103-72-5(c)[8][9] Republican Republican Republican 7-6
Hawaii Democratic Republican Democratic 23-2 Democratic 45-6 Democratic Democratic Democratic 2-0
Idaho Republican Republican Republican 28-7 Republican 52-18 Republican Republican Split 1-1
Illinois Democratic Democratic Democratic 37-22 Democratic 70-48 Democratic Democratic Democratic 12-7
Indiana Democratic Republican Republican 33-17 Democratic 52-48 Republican Democratic Democratic 5-4
Iowa Democratic Democratic Democratic 32-18 Democratic 56-44 Republican Democratic Democratic 3-2
Kansas Republican Democratic Republican 31-9 Republican 76-49 Republican Republican Republican 3-1
Kentucky Republican Democratic Republican 19-17-1(b)-1(c)[10] Democratic 64-35-1(c)[11] Republican Republican Republican 4-2
Louisiana Republican Republican Democratic 23-16 Democratic 52-50-3 Democratic Republican Republican 6-1
Maine Democratic Democratic Democratic 20-15 Democratic 96-54-1(b) Republican Republican Democratic 2-0
Maryland Democratic Democratic Democratic 33-14 Democratic 104-36-1(b) Democratic Democratic Democratic 7-1
Massachusetts Democratic Democratic Democratic 35-5 Democratic 144-16 Democratic Democratic Democratic 10-0
Michigan Democratic Democratic Republican 21-16-1(c)[12] Democratic 67-43 Democratic Democratic Democratic 8-7
Minnesota Democratic Republican Democratic 46-21 Democratic 87-47 Democratic Democratic Democratic 5-3
Mississippi Republican Republican Democratic 27-25 Democratic 75-47 Republican Republican Democratic 3-1
Missouri Republican Democratic Republican 23-11 Republican 89-74 Republican Democratic Republican 5-4
Montana Republican Democratic Republican 27-23 Democratic 50-50 Democratic Democratic Republican 1-0
Nebraska Republican 4 Republican Unicameral legislature(d):
Non-partisan (official)
Republican 32-17 (unofficial)
Democratic Republican Republican 3-0
Democratic 1(g)
Nevada Democratic Republican Democratic 12-8-1(c)[13] Democratic 28-14 Democratic Republican Democratic 2-1
New Hampshire Democratic Democratic Democratic 14-10 Democratic 224-175-1(c)[14] Republican Democratic Democratic 2-0
New Jersey Democratic Democratic Democratic 23-17 Democratic 48-32 Democratic Democratic Democratic 8-5
New Mexico Democratic Democratic Democratic 27-15 Democratic 45-25 Democratic Democratic Democratic 3-0
New York Democratic Democratic Democratic 32-30 Democratic 107-40-3(a) Democratic Democratic Democratic 26-2-1(c)
North Carolina Democratic Democratic Democratic 30-20 Democratic 68-52 Republican Democratic Democratic 8-5
North Dakota Republican Republican Republican 26-21 Republican 58-36 Democratic Democratic Democratic 1-0
Ohio Democratic Democratic Republican 21-12 Democratic 53-46 Republican Democratic Democratic 10-8
Oklahoma Republican Democratic Republican 26-22 Republican 62-39 Republican Republican Republican 4-1
Oregon Democratic Democratic Democratic 18-12 Democratic 36-24 Democratic Democratic Democratic 4-1
Pennsylvania Democratic Democratic Republican 30-20 Democratic 104-98-1(c)[15] Democratic Democratic Democratic 12-7
Rhode Island Democratic Republican Democratic 33-4-1(b) Democratic 69-6 Democratic Democratic Democratic 2-0
South Carolina Republican Republican Republican 27-19 Republican 72-52 Republican Republican Republican 4-2
South Dakota Republican Republican Republican 21-14 Republican 46-24 Democratic Republican Democratic 1-0
Tennessee Republican Democratic Republican 18-14-1(c)[16] Split(f) 49-48-1-1(c)[17] Republican Republican Democratic 5-4
Texas Republican Republican Republican 19-12 Republican 76-74 Republican Republican Republican 20-12
Utah Republican Republican Republican 21-8 Republican 53-22 Republican Republican Republican 2-1
Vermont Democratic Republican Democratic 23-7 Democratic 95-48-7(a) Democratic Independent(a) Democratic 1-0
Virginia Democratic Democratic Democratic 21-19 Republican 53-43-2(b)-2(c)[18][19] Democratic Democratic Democratic 6-5
Washington Democratic Democratic Democratic 31-18 Democratic 64-34 Democratic Democratic Democratic 6-3
West Virginia Republican Democratic Democratic 28-6 Democratic 79-21 Democratic Democratic Democratic 2-1
Wisconsin Democratic Democratic Democratic 18-15 Democratic 52-46-1(a) Democratic Democratic Democratic 5-3
Wyoming Republican Democratic Republican 23-7 Republican 41-19 Republican Republican Republican 1-0
Totals
Governor State Upper House Majority State Lower House Majority U.S. Senate U.S. House of Representatives
Democratic 28-22 Democratic 28-21-1(e) Democratic 33-15-1(d) (f) Democratic 58-40-2(a) Democratic 256-177-2(c)[20][21]

(a) Non-Democrats caucusing with Democratic Party.

(b) Non-Republicans caucusing with Republican Party.

(c) Vacancy.

(d) Nebraska has no lower house.

(e) The Alaska State Senate has a coalition majority of all the senate's Democrats and several Republicans, with the remaining Republicans in the minority.

(f) The Tennessee House of Representatives currently has a speaker who is officially from neither party but was previously in the Republican caucus. The speaker gave committee chairmanships to members of both both parties, so neither party has a clear governing majority. Since the leadership vote, Republicans gained a numerical majority even without the current speaker, but the February 2009 leadership vote is binding until 2011.

(g) Obama–Biden won an electoral vote in Nebraska by winning a plurality of the votes in Nebraska's 2nd congressional district.

Regional breakdowns

Local and regional political circumstances often influence party strength.

State government

Governor
Governors' partisan affiliations.
Governors' partisan affiliations.
Upper Lower
Upper House majority
Upper House majority
Lower House majority
Lower House majority

Presidential election results and congressional delegations

Presidential Election
United States Presidential Election 2008.
United States Presidential Election 2008.
Senate House of Representatives
Senators' party affiliations delegation by state.
Senators' party affiliations delegation by state.
Percent of members of the House of Representatives from each party by state.
Percent of members of the House of Representatives from each party by state.

Historical party strength

The following table shows how many state legislatures were controlled outright by each party.

Year Democrats Republicans Split
1938 21 19 6
1940 21 17 8
1942 19 24 3
1944 19 24 3
1946 17 25 4
1948 19 16 11
1950 19 21 6
1952 16 26 4
1954 19 20 7
1956 22 19 5
1958 30 7 11
1960 27 15 6
1962 25 17 6
1964 32 6 10
1966 23 16 9
1968 20 20 8
1970 23 16 9
1972 26 16 7
1974 37 4 8
1976 35 4 10
1978 31 11 7
1980 29 15 5
1982 34 11 4
1984 26 11 12
1986 28 9 12
1988 29 8 12
1990 30 6 13
1992 25 8 16
1994 18 19 12
1996 20 18 11
1998 20 17 12
2000 16 18 15
2002 18 17 14
2003 16 21 12
2004 17 21 11
2005 20 20 9
2007 24 16 9
2008 23 15 12
2009 27 14 9

The following table shows how many governorships were controlled outright by each party.

Year Democrats Republicans Independent
1934 37 9 2
1936 38 7 3
1937 39 6 3
1938 29 19
1940 28 20
1942 24 24
1943 22 26
1944 25 23
1946 23 25
1947 24 24
1948 28 20
1950 22 26
1952 18 30
1953 19 29
1954 27 21
1956 28 20
1958 35 15
1960 34 16
1962 34 16
1964 33 17
1966 25 25
1967 24 26
1968 19 31
1969 18 32
1970 29 21
1971 30 20
1972 31 19
1973 32 18
1974 36 13 1
1976 37 12 1
1978 32 18
1979 31 19
1980 27 23
1982 34 16
1983 35 15
1984 34 16
1986 26 24
1988 28 22
1989 29 21
1990 28 20 2
1992 30 18 2
1993 29 19 2
1994 19 30 1
1995 18 31 1
1996 17 32 1
1998 17 31 2
1999 18 30 2
2000 19 29 2
2001 21 27 2
2002 24 26
2004 22 28
2006 28 22
2008 29 21
2009 28 22

References

  1. "Elaine Beech wins Democratic primary for House District 65"
  2. "Mitchell, McAdory headed for runoff in Alabama House District 56"
  3. "Governor moves up Senate special election"
  4. "Governor sets Jan. 12 for election to fill Duvall's Assembly seat"
  5. "Election set for open state senate seat"
  6. "Special elections set for House, Senate seat"
  7. "Another Georgia House seat opens, special elections November 3, 2009"
  8. "Special elections set for House, Senate seat"
  9. "Beshear Calls For Special Elections"
  10. "Beshear Calls For Special Elections"
  11. "Democrat Martin Griffin, Republican Mike Nofs win primary for state's 19th District Senate seat"
  12. "State Senate's Hardy resigns post"
  13. "Blankenbeker wins GOP primary"
  14. "Mensch wins special election to Pa. senate race"
  15. "Special election is set for house, senate seats"
  16. "State Rep. Kelsey resigns to focus on race for state senate seat"
  17. "Franklin P. Hall to retire from House of Delegates"
  18. "Kaine names Del. Melvin to fill Portsmouth judge post"
  19. "Garamendi, Harmer to face off in Calif. House race"
  20. "NY-23 Is On"